Chilli Growing Guide

Capsicum annuum


Crop Rotation Group

Solanaceae (Potato and tomato family) 


Rich soil with plenty of compost added.


Sheltered sunny position or under cover.

Frost tolerant



Weekly liquid feed once the plant is a reasonable size.


Single Plants: 35cm (1' 1") each way (minimum)
Rows: 30cm (11") with 40cm (1' 3") row gap (minimum)

Sow and Plant

Sow in pots under cover in late winter to early spring. Transfer to bigger pots as required. If planting out then do so when soil has warmed and risk of frost has passed.
Our Garden Planner can produce a personalized calendar of when to sow, plant and harvest for your area.


Sometimes require supports if the chillies are large.


Harvest chillies green when they have grown to a good size or wait for them to ripen to yellow, orange or red if preferred.


In Australia fruit fly are a pest of chillies, make sure to take appropriate control measures in areas where they are present. It is important to dispose of any infected fruit and fruit has fallen to the ground by placing them in a sealed plastic bag in the sun for at least 7 days to kill the eggs and larvae. Do not compost fruit as this will lead to the fruit fly completing their life cycle and lead to the problem recurring.

Planting and Harvesting Calendar

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Pests which Affect Chilli